Social and Cultural Contexts of Alcohol Use: Influences in a Social-Ecological Framework

factors that influence alcohol use
factors that influence alcohol use

That said, family history impacts alcoholism because of genetics. If someone’s family has many alcohol abusers there is a good chance that they have a genetic predisposition to alcohol abuse disorder. It’s quite clear that upbringing also impacts a person’s predisposition to alcoholism. While individuals from every culture, religion, and family background can be diagnosed with AUD, these factors do influence opinions about, and reactions to, alcohol. Likewise, some research shows that income, exposure to alcohol manufacturer ads, and even proximity to liquor stores can affect the outlook on alcohol use. Behavior patterns in early childhood have also be found to be predictors of later drinking problems.

AUD is an indiscriminate disease that causes compulsive alcohol use and an inability to control intake, as well as negative emotional and physical dependencies. As a chronic relapsing brain disease, symptom classifications can range from mild, moderate, to severe. When diagnosed with AUD, the need to drink regularly, coupled with the incapacity to stop, will often lead to a seemingly higher alcohol tolerance. Those who experience this will often continue to drink more and more overtime and will go through mental and physical withdrawals when alcohol isn’t available. Even those who aren’t physically dependent can still suffer from alcohol addiction.

factors that influence alcohol use

The problems that drugs and alcohol bring to communities are multidimensional. Treatment interventions should be designed with input from the community. It is in this task of community healing that hope is rekindled, and it is this hope that initiates and drives the healing process.

It is also important not to mix alcohol with other depressants, which includes some antihistamines, which can make the individual drowsy and at risk for accidents or physical harm. Most importantly, when prescription drugs are combined with alcohol, an individual may experience increased impairment. Such results can include a dangerously reduced heart rate and lowered blood pressure. The last reason to look at is drinking alcohol with medication. Some medications increase or enhance the effects of alcohol on the body. This is a dangerous combination because it leads to people abusing alcohol with other substances.

Whilst it is true that there is the potential for everyone that drinks to become an alcoholic, as there is also the same potential for anyone to become obese through eating fast food, not everyone does. However it can become easy to rely on alcohol to provide the confidence required to get on with people and even to achieve extrovert status. This new found confidence, although false can then be accessed anytime through alcohol. Children of parents with any history of alcoholism are at a four times greater risk for developing alcoholism. We are all born with some biological level of risk for alcoholism and for some of us, the risks is increases.

Why Do People Drink?

Street gangs are usually the primary distributors of illicit drugs and other substances. They assist in drug smuggling and getting illegal substances into the United States for distribution. Selling drugs is often the primary source of income for many gangs nationwide. Due to their source choices sober living of income, the use of drugs is commonly prevalent within gangs. Alcohol and marijuana are the most common, while crack, cocaine, PCP, and methamphetamines are used as well. The life of a gang member is stressful and terrifying with the events and activities that take place every day.

  • Dehydration is another culprit of how intoxicated an individual gets.
  • Secondly, if an individual is sick or just getting over an illness, they will tend to become impaired more quickly.
  • While there are many stressors to look for, the most common ones include divorce, abuse, and work-related issues.
  • For more information about alcohol’s effects on the body, please visit theInteractive Body featureon NIAAA’sCollege Drinking Prevention website.
  • Admitting there’s a problem and pursuing assistance are the first steps to overcoming AUD.
  • Males still binge drink and drink daily more than underage females, but the differences are diminishing.

The United States drinking age is 21, whereas Italy has one of the lowest drinking ages in the world at 16. Between the years 2006 and 2016, the number of alcohol users in Italy went down by 8%, and that same year in 2016 they reported about 16% of people had engaged in binge drinking. People who suffer from alcohol abuse and mental health disorders simultaneously are referred to as dual diagnosis cases. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, this impacts 37% of alcoholics. These factors can occur when someone is young or older, so it’s something to continually monitor.

Mental Health Disorders

Some social causes of alcoholism are peer pressure, being surrounded by alcohol and alcohol drinkers, and many others as well. Peer pressure can be very persuasive especially if it is done by someone close to you like a family member or close friend. If you are living with people who drink it’s harder to turn it down. There are many facts about the history of alcohol consumption. One such fact is that as early as 2700 B.C.E. Babylonians worshiped a Goddess of Wine. They would pray to her and drink for her in hopes that she would bless them and their families.

Admitting there’s a problem and pursuing assistance are the first steps to overcoming AUD. Discussing your specific situation with a primary healthcare physician will allow for an official diagnosis and subsequent personalized recovery plan, complete with actionable and measurable goals. Treatment plans vary, but often consist of therapy, medical prescriptions, and attendance at mutual-support group sessions. A well-balanced combination of these strategies can assist in altering drinking behavior, reducing cravings, and propery managing potential triggers. Relapsing doesn’t mean failure and it certainly doesn’t mean beating alcoholism is impossible; it’s simply a bump in the road that will eventually lead to recovery. It is clear, however, that everyone is susceptible to AUD, despite age, gender, ethnicity, body type, and personal beliefs.

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The COVID-19 pandemic implications on alcohol consumption and tobacco use Throughout the pandemic, changes in the consumption of alcohol and tobacco have… Men can reduce the amount of alcohol they drink to reduce their risk of health problems and other harms. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

Factors affecting alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm

Ethnicity specific norms and alcohol consumption among Hispanic/Latino/a and Caucasian students. Longitudinal relationship between drinking with peers, descriptive norms, and adolescent alcohol use. Access and opportunity to engage in these behaviors, as well as lower levels of parental attachment (Hahm et al. 2003; Vaeth et al. 2012). To more fully understand targeted marketing’s influence on alcohol use.

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Alcohol use disorder is a pattern of alcohol use that involves problems controlling your drinking, being preoccupied with alcohol or continuing to use alcohol even when it causes problems. This disorder also involves having to drink more to get the same effect or having withdrawal symptoms when you rapidly decrease or stop drinking. Alcohol use disorder includes a level of drinking that’s sometimes called alcoholism. There are also very unique characteristics that can influence how intoxicated you get. First, heritable components of enzyme production can be a determining factor. Secondly, if an individual is sick or just getting over an illness, they will tend to become impaired more quickly.

What Increases the Risk for AUD?

Therefore, it’s very important to drink responsibly or stay sober since everyone is at risk based on their own unique composition. Mixing alcohol and energy drinks can even lead to heart failure because they are opposing stressors on the human body’s regulatory systems. Energy drinks mask the effects of alcohol by giving you a sense of energy, and the false sense that you are not that intoxicated. Mixing alcohol and energy drinks can cause heart failure because they are opposing stressors on the body’s regulatory systems.

factors that influence alcohol use

Use of alcohol initiates two fundamental learning mechanisms Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning. Alcohol does not lead to an increase of dopamine throughout the brain; it only causes an increase in dopamine in the area of the reward pathway . This reward pathway is comprised primarily of the nucleus accumbens, the VTA , and a part of the prefrontal cortex. This article takes a detailed look at red wine and its health effects. Moderate amounts are very healthy, but too much can have devastating effects.

Some factors are responsible for addictive behaviors like physiological or biochemical actions and neurotransmitter dopamine level. Dopamine plays a role in many pleasurable activities like movement and motivation.Education eco sober house rating on biological effect of alcohol will motivate to change their behavior . Parents are the single most important influence on their children’s decision to become involved in substance use or not.

There are no official tests for alcoholism, aside from the AUDIT Addiction Self Test but doctors have come up with ways to see the physical and mental symptoms of alcohol abuse. For example, doctors can run lab tests to see the condition of the liver, stomach, and heart. Of living in certain neighborhoods, which is higher for certain types of persons) and social selection (i.e., the probability that drinkers are more likely to move to certain types of neighborhoods).

A variety of factors which affect the levels and patterns of alcohol consumption and the magnitude of alcohol-related problems in populations have been identified at individual and societal levels. While the drinking culture in Britain is very heavy, it is quite different in the rest of the U.K. Since 2016, the number of people who do not drink alcohol at all has risen. Back in 2016, a poll showed that 21% of people aged 16 and over did not drink at all across the United Kingdom, which is just about 10.6 million people. These numbers have continued to rise and even show the greatest number of nondrinkers are in the younger category and the older (75+) category.

By Toragorn Honipapun